Screenplay Outline and Structure

Screen play structure

Okay, so you want to finish a screenplay, but you know that it’s missing something.  Your story is okay, but you know it’s not ready yet.  We all have been there.  Your script may not have a good structure. The photo above is the standard structure for a screenplay.  Each of the peeks are important moments in the story for the protagonist and the antagonist.  The script is broken up into fifteen minute intervals and the emotions that generally occur during those intervals are outlined on the bottom.  This is a very important structure for screen writers.  It shows how to break a script apart into three acts and it explains how to focus your story in a way that audiences, agents, and production companies expect.  In essences, it makes your script a better.  Simpler. And smarter.  If you want to see this structure and outline broken down and explained, go to youtube and search, “3 Act Screenplay Structure-Screenwriting Tips & Myths” and look for the uploader named, “Click Imagination“.   I considered attaching a hyperlink to the video within the photo above, but I’m starting to trust hyperlinks less and less the more I learn about them.  You should, too. So just go to youtube and search it yourself.  It’s really good!  Good luck writing today!

You are what you do

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As a writer, we often find it easy to create when the spirit hits us but if we aren’t careful, we will ONLY write during those moments. Sure, you have heard people say, “I write everyday” and you wished you were that disciplined. If this is something that you want to do for a living, you have to act like it. If you haven’t written anything today then quit facebooking, posting tweets, or watching tv, and write something.

This past year, I tried everything to establish a routine writing schedule. I tried getting up before 5am. I tried writing when I got off work. I tried writing during my lunch break. I even tried writing in my car. After all those attempts, I found the most important thing I needed to get me writing was a plan.Nothing too drawn out. Just a plan that said, “Tomorrow I am going to write three scenes, each scene can only have eight lines, and each one has to reveal something important about the characters.” And that’s how I end my day. So all day, I am listening to the characters in my head speak, act out, get angry, cry, laugh, etc. Once I sit down to write, I have a plan. And that plan tells me when I am done. So I don’t have to think, “Oh God, I am going to be here for hours!” I could be done in 10 minutes if I want. And then I make a plan for the next day. The plan may be, “write an eight line scene that has at least two laugh lines.” Having a plan helps you know when you are done. Otherwise, you may subconsciously avoid sitting down to write that amazing story that world can’t wait to read. Have fun writing today!

Using emotions to create characters



So I was watching one of my favorite movies of all time last night, ROCKY III.  If you are too young to have ever seen this movie, let me first say that you have been deprived and you should get a Netflix account while it’s still available.  But I digress.   While watching the movie, I connected with Rocky’s major story arc about half way into the film. His story arc dealt with overcoming FEAR.

After getting his butt handed to him by Mr. T in the fight of the century, he began to feel afraid.  He lived in this fear throughout the entire movie until he learned to conquer his fears.  He went through every level of being afraid: fear of failure,  fear of pain, fear of losing his health, fear of losing his family and his fortune, and the anxiety of never being good enough.   So today when you write a scene, see if you can use an emotion to tell a deeper story. No matter what race or social status you have, emotions will always connect us all.  Check out this list of recognized emotions from the University of Sonoma psychological department and use it in the scene, story, or chapter that you write today. The link is

Have fun. And if you dug this, subscribe!

14 Dramatic Writing Situations

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Okay, I got the idea to do this after reading George Polti’s historic Thirty-Six Dramatic Situations.  The only problem was that some of them don’t have the same dramatic affect as they may have had a hundred years ago when he wrote them.  Even though we tell stories a lot like they did in ancient Greece, we don’t always have an audience that is willing to listen to a script that is designed to take days to perform.  So I decided to add a few additional tension starters to his original thirty-six dramatic situations.

If you are looking for motivation for a story that you’ve been working on, here are 14 Dramatic Situations that can help make a scene, chapter, or story more interesting.  I’ve got hundreds more of them, too.  If you like these, subscribe.  If you want more, tell me.   I hope you find something useful.

But I just thought about it. Maybe some of you don’t know how to use these techniques.  The first dramatic situation in this list is, “A person is caught lying in court”.  How could you use this situation to develop a story?  An outline? A character?

Okay, let say that you are one of those writers that likes to begin his/her stories off with a premise or maybe even a single line of dialog.   Here is how you could use “A person is caught lying in court” to spice up your writing or to develop and entire story.


HARRY is a old man on the witness stand in an American court room

JANE is the young city prosecutor


JANE: Harry, where were you at 9:00 on the night John Reeves was murdered.

HARRY:  At 9:00 I went down to the Magic Johnson Theater to see a movie.

JANE:  Were you there at exactly 9:00?  Or did you get there late?

HARRY: As a matter of fact, I got there early.  I got there at exactly 8:30 pm because I wanted to get a good seat. I stayed there all night.

JANE:  And what movie did you see?

Harry:  I went to see the new Superman film.

JANE: And you never left the theater after 8:30 pm.

HARRY:  Well, I left when the movie was over.  I left around 11:30 pm.

JANE:  So you were not at the local the local Wal-Mart buying garbage bags and cleaning supplies so that you could clean up all the blood that was left in your apartment after blowing John Reeve’s head off?

HARRY:  No. John was my best friend.  I was at the movies all night.

JANE:  What would you say if I told you that we have security footage of you entering the Wal-Mart that’s near your apartment at exactly 9:00 pm on the night in question?

HARRY:  I would say that you didn’t know what you were talking about.  I didn’t go to no damn Wal-Mart!  I was at the movies all night!

JANE:  And suppose I told you that we have a credit card transaction of you making a purchase at that Wal-Mart, for cleaning supplies, garbage bags, and a mop at exactly 9:15 pm.  The same credit card that police found in your wallet.  The same credit card that is on all of your bank records.

HARRY:  You’re lying on me.  I never killed John.  I loved John.




HARRY’S ATTORNEY: I object your honor, the prosecution is badgering the defendant.

HARRY:  Okay. I did it.  I killed John.  I didn’t mean, too.  I loved him like a brother.  He was like family.  I’m sorry. (sobs)

And there you have it.  Drama.  Tension. And it’s memorable.  Something that keeps that audience reading/watching and wanting more till the very end.   Below you will see several other dramatic situations that you can use to develop a story with.  Have fun!

Dramatic Situations

  • A court room

o   Someone is caught lying in court

o   Someone is given an amazingly harsh sentence

o   Someone admits to a crime

o   Someone falls in love (while on the witness stand)

o   Two council members disagree on an action to take

o   A criminal is given a chance to confess for a lesser sentence but instead rejects it with an unbelievably unreasonable request.

o   A leader is disrespected by a criminal and comes moments from breaking all laws to teach him a lesson, but is held back by a friend that reasons with him—but the grudge has been created.

  • A prison break
  • A person pulls out a gun in court
  • A person shooting in a place where there are lots of innocent civilians
  • Someone has to explain to an angry boss that they failed
  • A fugitive escapes only to arrive in hostile territory ( escape from the kettle to the frying pan)
  • A leader has to appoint a criminal to help him/her solve a crime because he is the “only person who can do the job.”

o   Reward is freedom?

o   They make a bargain?

***The photo above is copyrighted by the Alvin Alley Dance Theater Company.